A heart attack is a myocardial disease, and it results in damaging the muscles of your heart permanently. It occurs when a heart gets blocked of enough supply of oxygen, and the oxygen fails to reach it. If the oxygen supply isn’t restored as soon as possible, the part of the heart slowly begins to die, and it starts to damage to the extent that it can even lead to death.
How does it happen?
Oxygen supply is blocked to the heart when a waxy substance starts to implant within the walls of the arteries, and it slowly starts to narrow the oxygen flow to the heart. These arteries are coronary arteries which carry the oxygen to the heart, and the stance in which the plagues start to embed it within the walls of the arteries is called atherosclerosis.
This process might take up to several years for the plague to build itself up to the extent that someday it starts to block the supply of oxygen. This eventually ends up causing a blood clot which can be smaller or a larger one which can completely block the path of oxygen to the heart.
Signs of heart attack
The symptoms of a heart attack differ from one person to the other as everyone’s body functions differently. However, some very obvious symptoms of heart attack are listed below
Chest burns, heaviness in a chest or chest pain – Pain in stomach, jaw, arms and for some people the pain becomes very severe that it becomes uncomfortable at times. Nausea, vomiting or difficulty in breathing may also be experienced.
For a person undergoing a certain situation, the following steps are taken to check if he/she has suffered a heart attack or not. The person gets examined, and pulse rate is checked along with blood pressure. An ECG is conducted in the ambulance or with the doctor. Pain relievers are given to give instant comfort to the patient.
Heart attack treatment
Different types of blood therapies are conducted by the doctor to provide relief to the patient who is suffering from heart attack. This is done to get rid of the blood clots so that oxygen is able to reach the heart. Also, this is done to prevent the platelets from gathering around the heart and jamming it furthermore.
Once the plague causing the heart attack is stabilized, it gets easier for the oxygen to straighten its path to the heart and to normalize the body functions. All the medications are given to the patient as early as possible because any further delay can cause the death of the person.
To prevent any sort of further heart attacks, it is always advised to intake the medicines on a regular basis and to never miss out on any dose. Regular checkups must be conducted with your assigned doctor to check the progress of our heart condition and to stay yourself clear from all the future risks. Changing a person’s lifestyle can also prove to be beneficial for a strong and happy heart.